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ChatGPT from teacher's perspective

ChatGPT logo h:300px Image source: Wikimedia Commons File:ChatGPT logo.svg

Vedran Miletić, Faculty of Informatics and Digital Technologies

Build Your Career Garden – Learning Teaching and Training event, Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Rijeka, 30th of March 2023

Faculty of Informatics and Digital Technologies

  • founded in 2008. as Department of Informatics at University of Rijeka
  • became Faculty of Informatics and Digital Technologies in 2022.
  • several laboratories and research groups; scientific interests:
    • computer vision, pattern recognition
    • natural language processing, machine translation
    • e-learning, digital transformation
    • parallel applications on supercomputers

FIDIT logo bg right:35% 90%

Image source: Wikim. Comm. File:FIDIT-logo.svg

Group for Applications and Services on Exascale Research Infrastructure (GASERI)

  • focus: optimization of computational biochemistry applications for running on modern exascale supercomputers
  • vision: high performance algorithms readily available for academic and industrial use in state-of-the-art open-source software


Summary of news regarding ChatGPT over last 4 months

  • ChatGPT is not an evolutionary technology development like mobile gaming or expansion in what's possible using web standards
  • it is a revolutionary technology development, similar in significance to:
    • the Internet
    • Google Search
      • no more website categories like Yahoo! Directory required
    • social networks
    • iPhone (and smartphones in general)
  • ChatGPT changes how information is retrieved by the user, challenges web search far more than social networks ever did
  • started the era of mainstream everyday usage of AI tools

Gradual or instant change?

  • similar example from the past: desktop to web transition

    • 1997. (the pre-Google era) Microsoft Windows is the de facto standard, desktop applications dominate software for PCs
    • 2007. (the Google era) Paul Graham says Microsoft is Dead:

      Microsoft's biggest weakness is that they still don't realize how much they suck. They still think they can write software in house. Maybe they can, by the standards of the desktop world. But that world ended a few years ago.

    • it took roughtly a decade; far from an instant change

  • similarly, ChatGPT has motivated the gradual introduction of AI-powered technologies into existing tools

Is OpenAI the new Google?

  • OpenAI was founded in 2015 by Sam Altman and Elon Musk; charter:

    OpenAI’s mission is to ensure that artificial general intelligence (AGI)—by which we mean highly autonomous systems that outperform humans at most economically valuable work—benefits all of humanity. We will attempt to directly build safe and beneficial AGI, but will also consider our mission fulfilled if our work aids others to achieve this outcome.

  • it is known for: Gym (Retro), RoboSumo, Debate Game, Dactyl, DALL-E

OpenAI logo h:150px

Image source: Wikimedia Commons File:OpenAI Logo.svg

What really is ChatGPT, aside from the hype?


Official website can say ChatGPT is at capacity right now; static examples:

The AI wave (1/2)

The AI wave (2/2)

Impact on teaching

Impact on research: Nature

Tools such as ChatGPT threaten transparent science; here are our ground rules for their use:

First, no LLM tool will be accepted as a credited author on a research paper. That is because any attribution of authorship carries with it accountability for the work, and AI tools cannot take such responsibility.
Second, researchers using LLM tools should document this use in the methods or acknowledgements sections. If a paper does not include these sections, the introduction or another appropriate section can be used to document the use of the LLM.

Impact on research: Science

Science Journals: Editorial Policies:

(...) artificial intelligence tools cannot be authors. (...)
Artificial intelligence (AI) policy: Text generated from AI, machine learning, or similar algorithmic tools cannot be used in papers published in Science journals, nor can the accompanying figures, images, or graphics be the products of such tools, without explicit permission from the editors. In addition, an AI program cannot be an author of a Science journal paper. A violation of this policy constitutes scientific misconduct.

Future outlook

  • GPT-3 -> GPT-4 transition
  • non-English language models likely to improve soon
    • within months, maybe a year or two
    • remember how well Google Translate performed 10 years ago and compare that to how it performs now
  • make sure to visit and try it

Author: Vedran Miletić